Unfortunately much of the impact that humans have on habitats is negative. Habitat destruction by human activity is the most important cause of species extinction worldwide. The main cause of habitat destruction include urbanization, agriculture, mining and logging. Animals are also affected negatively by the degradation and fragmentation of their habitats, even if this does not necessarily cause overt destruction of their habitat. Human pollution also has a tremendous influence on animal habitats.
For marine animals, including mammals like whales and seals, birds like petrels and albatross, and reptiles like the sea turtle, marine debris presents a serious threat to their habitat. Fish, sea turtles, dolphins, whales and sea birds may consume garbage or get tangled in abandoned fishing lines or nets. To protect ocean animals, we need to stop polluting their environment.
You Can Help Ocean Animals!
- Reduce your use of disposable plastic items like water bottles, straws, and plastic bags. Participate in a Bottled Water Free Day through a Canadian campaign.
- Organize a school or community clean up on a lake or river shoreline. Check out www.shorelinecleanup.ca to join a national campaign.
- Take part in an awareness campaign about pollution entering local waterways through storm drains. Check out Yellow Fish Road for ideas.
- Make a pledge to stop the release of balloons into the environment. Learn more from The Alliance for Balloon Education.
- Raise funds for groups that help ocean animals or for seabird and marine animal rescue centres.
- Print this postcard template on card stock paper, draw a picture on the front, write a message on the back and mail it to the City Mayor and them to consider laws to better protect the environment.
Learn more about the threats posed by the pollution of oceans, lakes and rivers:
- Watch this short documentary Plastic Seas.
- Read the book Tracking Trash by Loree Griffin Burns, and The Eye of the Whale by Jennifer O’Connell.
- Watch the documentary Turtle: The Incredible Journey.
- Check out this slide show of endangered marine animals.