Nothing New at the Zoo: increased oversight and regulations needed to protect captive wildlife in Ontario (2022) World Animal Protection

Opinion/Commentary Spruce Haven Nature Park (2017)

Spruce Haven Zoo Opinion and Commentary (2016)

Spruce Haven Zoo Review – B&E Solutions (2013)

Kneehill Animal Control and Rehabilitation Centre (Also known as GuZoo) Three Hills, Alberta (2014)

Investigation Report Springwater Provincial Park Wildlife Compound (2012)

CAZA Accreditation Critique Part 1 (2012)

Guzoo Animal Farm, Ongoing Violations of Alberta Zoo Regulations? (2011)

Wild Neighbours: The Safety and Security of Ontario’s Wildlife in Captivity Facilities (2010) – For additional images Click here.

A Review of Zoos in Ontario: Has Anything Changed? (2010)

Opinion/Commentary Hamilton Aviary (2010)

Welfare Assessment of Lucy the Elephant, An investigation into the welfare status of Lucy the elephant,
Valley Zoo, Edmonton, Alberta Canada (2010)

One Veterinarian’s Search for Truth in the “Lucy the Elephant” Debate (2009)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #6, Northwood Zoo and Animal Sanctuary (2008)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #5, Guha’s Lions and Tigers (2008)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #4, Papanack Park Zoo (2008)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #3, Saunders Country Critters Zoo and Garden Centre (2008)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #2, The Killman Zoo (2008)

Ontario Zoo Review Series – #1, Greenview Aviaries, Park and Zoo (2008)

An Informal Review of Captive Wildlife in British Columbia (2008)

A Review of Discovery Wildlife Park Based on the Alberta Zoo Standards (2007)

A Review of Guzoo Animal Farm Based on the Alberta Zoo Standards (2007)

The Sad State of Captive Elephants in Canada (2007)

Ontario Zoo Review Report #4, Bergeron’s Exotic Animal Sanctuary (2006)

Ontario Zoo Review Report #3, Guha’s Lions and Tigers (2006)

Ontario Zoo Review Report #2 NIAGARA REGION, Zooz (Stevensville), Marineland (Niagara Falls) (2006)

Ontario Zoo Review Report #1, The Killman Zoo (Caledonia), Twin Valley Zoo (Brantford), Lickety Split Ranch and Zoo (London) (2006)

Wild Animals and Strict Liability: The African Lion Safari Case Douglas Christie.

Failing the Grade: A Report on Conditions in Ontario’s Zoo (2005) WSPA.

The Sad Story Behind Guzoo Animal Farm: A review of the history of Guzoo and the lack of enforcement of the Alberta Wildlife Act (2005)

Failing the Grade: Alberta’s Zoos Five Years On (2005) WSPA.

Welfare, Risk and Guzoo Animal Farm: A 2004 Review (2004)

Broken Promises, A report on the well-being of animals at the Greater Vancouver Zoo (2003)

A Commentary on Guzoo Animal Farm – June 15, 2002

An Update on Guzoo Animal Farm (2002) WSPA.

Commentary on the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums (CAZA) Accreditation Process: Marineland of Canada, Niagara Falls (2002)

The State of the Ark, A Review of Conditions at the Granby Zoo, 2001

American Black Bear: A comparison of husbandry and housing practices (2000)

Wildlife in Captivity: An Examination of Legal Requirements in Canada and Around the World (2000)

Gray Wolf: A comparison of husbandry and housing practices (2000)

Prairie Zoos: Captive Wildlife Collections in Alberta and Saskatchewan (2000)

The Bear Essentials: A Survey of Captive American Black Bears in Ontario (1999)

Distorted Nature, Exposing the Myth of Marineland (1998)

While Rome Burns…A Report into Conditions in the Zoos of Ontario (1998)

Canada’s Forgotten Polar Bears: An Examination of Manitoba’s Polar Bear Export Program (1997)

Zoos in Maritime Canada: An Investigative Report (1996)

The West Edmonton Mall Dolphins: Options for the Future (1996)

No Biodome Belugas, Backgrounder (1995)

Zoos in Ontario: An Investigative Report (1995)



Expansive Diverse Habitats Are Vital for the Welfare of Elephants in Captivity (2022) RPD Atkinson & Keith Lindsay

Confined Giants, Giraffe in Zoos (2022) Born Free USA.

Elephants in Zoos, A Legacy of Shame (2022) Born Free USA.

A Study of the Conservation Status of Species Held in British Aquariums (2022) Freedom for Animals.

The Four Paws Report on Zoos in Bulgaria (2021) Four Paws.

The Show Can’t Go On, End the suffering of animals at cruel visitor attractions in zoos and aquariums (2020) World Animal Protection

Solitary Elephants in Japan (2017) Zoocheck/ Elephants in Japan.  – Japanese edition

A Study of the Conservation Status of Species Held in Welsh Zoos (2017) CAPS.

Present Situations & Problems in Korean Zoos (2016) Action for Animals.

Due Diligence Report, Options for Chai and Bamboo (2015) Zoocheck.

Schwaben Park, Animal Suffering and Public Deception At Schwaben Park, Germany (2013) Animal Equality.

Birds in Zoos in England: An Assessment of Welfare, Conservation and Education in 2013 CAPS.

Mutilated for your viewing pleasure. Pinioning birds in English Zoos (2013) CAPS.

A License to Suffer, A critical analysis of regulatory protection of animals in zoos in England (2012) CAPS.

The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011 Report Findings and Recommendations 2011 ENDCAP/ BFF.

EU Zoo Inquiry Country Reports (scroll down page for links to EU country reports)

An Optimal Future for Woodland Park Zoo Elephants (2011) FWPZE.

Caged Lives, An Animal Equality Undercover Investigation Into Spanish Zoos (2011) Animal Equality.

Inspecting Zoos, A study of the official zoo inspection system in England from 2005 to 2011 (2011) CAPS.

Performing Animals in Chinese Zoos (2010) Animals Asia.

An Investigation Into the Welfare Standards Of Zoos in Malaysia (2010) ACRES.

Status of Bear Welfare at Chief Saunooke Bear Park, Cherokee Bear Zoo, and Santa’s Land, in Cherokee, North Carolina (2010) PETA.

The Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos (2008) University of Bristol.

Is the Ark Afloat? – Captivity and Ex-Situ Conservation in UK Zoos, An Analysis By The Born Free Foundation (2007)

An Investigation Into The Welfare Of Captive Polar Bears In Japan (2007) ACRES.

Zoos in China: Suffering on an Olympic Scale (2007) One Voice.

Welfare Assessment of Wildlife Animals and Birds in Central Zoo of Kathmandu, Nepal (2007) National Zoonoses and Food Hygiene Research Centre.

What’s A Polar Bear Doing In The Tropics? (2006) ACRES.

A Review of the Welfare of Zoo Elephants in Europe (2005) RSPCA.

Investigation on Live Feeding in the Wildlife Parks of China (2005) Environment and Animal Ethics.

The Indian Zoo Inquiry, A review of conditions in the zoos of India (2005) Compassionate Crusaders Trust/ Zoocheck.

Aquatic Zoos, A critical study of UK public aquaria in the year 2004 CAPS.

An Investigation of British Zoos: A Journalistic Perspective (2004) Shubhobroto Ghosh.

An Evaluation of Five Zoos in Indonesia (2002) WSPA/KSBK.



Assessment of the Situation of the Cetaceans, Held at Marineland of Canada, Niagara Falls, Ontario (2021) One Voice

Behind the Smile, the multi-billion dollar dolphin entertainment industry (2019) World Animal Protection

The Case Against Marine Mammals in Captivity (2019) Animal Welfare Institute & World Animal Protection

A Crumbling Case for Cetacean Captivity? A review of several key education and conservation research factors (2016) VHS/Zoocheck.

AWI APHIS Proposed Marine Mammal Rule Comments (2016)

Ocean Theme Parks: A Look Inside China’s Growing Captive Cetacean Industry (2015) China Cetacean Alliance

Keto & Tilikum Express the Stress of Orca Captivity (2011) The Orca Project.

Killer Controversy, why orcas should no longer be kept in captivity (2011) HSI/ HSUS.

Aquatic animals, cognitive ethology, and ethics: questions about sentience and other troubling issues that lurk in turbid water (2007) Marc Bekoff.

An Investigation Into The Welfare Of Captive Polar Bears In Japan (2007) ACRES.

Dolphin Assisted Therapy, Can you put your faith in DAT? (2007) WDCS.

Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: More Flawed Data and More Flawed Conclusions (2007) Lori Marino & Scott O. Lilienfeld.

What’s A Polar Bear Doing In The Tropics? (2006) ACRES.

Driven by Demand, Dolphin drive hunts in Japan and the involvement of the aquarium industry (2006) WDCS.

A Case Against Polar Bears in Captivity (2005) Zoocheck.

Captive Cetaceans: The Science Behind The Ethics (2004) Naomi Rose.

Suffering, Not Smiling: The Truth About Captive Dolphins (2004) ACRES.

Comments on the First Draft Of “Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) Guidelines On: The Care and Maintenance of Marine Mammals: (2004) Zoocheck.

Stopping the use, sale and trade of whales and dolphins in Canada: How protection is consistent with WTO obligations (2003) Zoocheck.

Captive Orcas, Dying to Entertain You (2001) WDCS.

Distorted Nature, Exposing the Myth of Marineland (1998) Zoocheck.

A Review of the Scientific Justification for. Maintaining Cetaceans in Captivity (1998) WDCS.

Canada’s Forgotten Polar Bears: An Examination of Manitoba’s Polar Bear Export Program (1997) Zoocheck.

The West Edmonton Mall Dolphins: Options for the Future (1996) Zoocheck.

No Biodome Belugas, Backgrounder (1995) Zoocheck/CFHS.

Cetacean Releases Examples (1995)

Captive Polar Bears in UK and Ireland (1988)



The Darkness Behind the Spotlights, Trauma in Former Circus Animals (2023) AAP

Wild Animals in EU Circuses, Problems, Risks and Solutions (2017) EuroGroup for Animals.

Captive Elephants in Circuses, A scientific investigation of the population status, management and welfare significance (2008) CUPA/ ANCF/ WSPA.

Performing Prisoners: A Case Against the Use of Wild Animals in Circuses, Traveling Shows and Novelty Acts (2006) Zoocheck.

The Bull in the China Shop, An Assessment of the Human Safety Risks Associated with Wild Performing Animals in Circuses (2005) Zoocheck.

Public Safety and the Ineffectiveness of Circus Recapture Plans (2003) Zoocheck.



Stolen Wildlife IV, The EU – a destination for wildlife traffickers (2022) Pro Wildlife, HSI Europe, IFAW

Crossing the Red Lind, Japan’s Exotic Pet Trade (2020) TRAFFIC

Risky Business, The unregulated exotic pet trade in Canada (2019) World Animal Protection

Downloading Cruelty: An Investigation into the Online Sales of Exotic Pets in the U.S. (2016) Born Free USA.

The Implmentation of the Positive List for Mammal Pets in Belgium: A Success Story (2016) Eurogroup for Animals

Scales and Tails: The Welfare and Trade of Reptiles Kept As Pets in Canada (2005) WSPA.




Preliminary Technical Review Of Management Of Free-Roaming (“Feral”) Horses In Alberta’s Six Foothills Equine Zones Zoocheck.

Migratory bird protection, a crack in the armor: the case of the Double-crested Cormorant Article link to external site.

Observations of the 2008 Cormorant Cull on Middle Island in Point Pelee National Park (2008) CDI.

A Critical Analysis of Point Pelee National Park’s Rationale for Killing the Middle Island Cormorants (2008) CDI.

Orphaned Bear Cubs, Rehabilitation and Release Guidelines (2007) WSPA.

Should The Suffield Wild Horses Remain Wild? Why the Impending Round-Up Must Be Stopped. A scientific challenge to the Department of National Defence’s decision to remove the wild horses from Canadian Forces Base Suffield (1994)



Sea World and Blackfish Barry Kent Mackay.

The Captivity Industry, The reality of zoos and aquariums (2009) Lori Marino, Gay Bradshaw & Randy Malamud.

Zoos: Why a Revolution is Necessary to Justify Them (2008) Jeremy Leon Hance.

Captive breeding ‘weakens’ beasts (2007) Richard Black.

The Future and Ethics of Zoos (2007) David Hancocks.

Wild Animals and Strict Liability: The African Lion Safari Case Douglas Christie.

Captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores (2003) Ros Clubb & Georgia Mason.

Creating Gardens of Ecology (2003) David Hancocks.

Reintroduction of Captive-bred Animals to the Wild, Is the Modern Ark Afloat? (2001) Rob Laidlaw.

Zoos Myth and Reality (2000) Rob Laidlaw.

Zoos and the End of Nature (1999) Steven Best.

When Zoos Tell Lies (1997) Barry Kent MacKay.

The Insufficiency of Zoological Gardens (1996) David Hancocks.

Lions and Tigers and Bears…Oh No (1992) David Hancocks.



Take Action for Elephants Resource Guide

Alternatives to Zoos

About Animal Sanctuaries and Rescue Centers